M.B.B.S. or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is composed of 2 Words, M.B. – ‘Medicinae Baccalaureus’ (Bachelor of Medicine in Latin) and B.S. – ‘Bachelor of Surgery’ (in English). Though the name suggests 2 separate degrees, however, it is only 1 degree. It is an Undergraduate Academic Degree Course dealing with Medicine and Surgery. The Duration of M.B.B.S. course extends over a period of 4 ½ academic years which are divided into 9 semesters. Each semester is of 6 months duration. After the completion of an academic study, a candidate must complete 1 year of compulsory rotating internship. Each semester consists of approximately 120 teaching days. All over the duration of M.B.B.S. is 5 ½ years. M.B.B.S is required to become a Doctor in Allopathic Medicine. Candidates are given an in-depth and proper knowledge of the human body through theory, practical experience in the dissection of bodies and observing various types of surgeries.
M.B.B.S. is suited best, for those who have a scientific bend of mind and those who want to serve humanity. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is the most coveted of all the Medical Degrees in India. As of 2011, M.B.B.S. is not available through distance education though there was a report regarding the introduction of M.B.B.S. through correspondence in Times of India, according to which Max Healthcare and US-based Oceania University were in regular touch with MCI (Medical Council of India) over the distance M.B.B.S. programme in November 2007. MCI is a medical body which maintains uniform standards of medical education, both undergraduate and postgraduate.
- A basic requirement for applying for medical entrance tests is that the student should be at least 17 years old on or before 31st December of the year of admission. Upper age limit, where specified, is 25 years. Typically, Written tests have questions from physics, chemistry and biology (botany and zoology). In general, the mix of questions is such that the focus on biology, which is a combination of zoology and botany, is as much as that on physics and chemistry together.
- Most of the time there is negative marking for a wrong answer. This would be indicated in the information bulletin or prospectus. Some medical entrance tests also have a few questions on general knowledge, personality and intelligence assessment or English language. The states also conduct their own Pre-Medical Entrance Examination for domiciled candidates.
- To get medical school entry, one needs to appear for the Common Entrance Test (CET) and All India Medical Entrance Examination (AIMEE). The candidate needs to appear for All India Pre Medical Entrance Test for admission to 15% of the total seats for medical and dental courses in all medical and dental colleges run by the Union of India. This test is conducted by Central Board of Secondary education.
- To obtain M.B.B.S. admission the basic criteria is that a candidate should have scored more than 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology aggregate in their 10+2 grade.
- The prefix of `Dr` before one's name commands respect. That itself is an achievement. Doctors also are looked upon with great respect as they save lives with their skills, so a Doctor gains the status of a Humanitarian as well.
- Doctors command high salaries and can earn lots of money especially in private practice.
- Medical graduates are eligible to sit for various postgraduate examinations, including examinations for membership and fellowship of professional institutions such as Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons, postgraduate Master’s degrees such as a Master of Surgery or Master of Obstetrics and a postgraduate doctorate in medicine (e.g. Doctor of Medicine, if earned in Ireland, the UK or Commonwealth nations) and board certification examinations.
- Biomedical Companies
- Health Centres
- Medical Colleges
- Medical Foundation/Trust
- Non-Profit Organizations
- Nursing Homes
- Pharmaceutical & Biotechnology Companies
- Private Practice
- Research Institutes
- Anaesthetist or Anaesthesiologist
- Chief Medical Officer (CMO)
- Clinical Laboratory Scientist
- E.N.T. Specialist
- General Practitioner
- General Surgeon
- Hospital Administrator
- Medical Admitting Officer
- Resident Medical Officer