B.E. Biotechnology or Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology is an undergraduate Biotechnology course. Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bio processes in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bio-products. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures for modifying living organisms according to human purposes-going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and “improvements” to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bio engineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches for interfacing with and utilizing living things. It has four years duration and the course is an important one that provides many career options for them.
B.E. (Biotechnology); minimum eligibility for which is an intermediate (10+2) with subjects such as physics, maths, biology and chemistry.
- Biotechnology engineering graduates typically begin their careers in technical roles in the biotechnology industry and progress rapidly to managerial positions. Because of a worldwide emphasis on biotechnology, biotech engineers are in strong demand internationally.
- The emerging biotechnology industry in New Zealand provides growing opportunities for biotech engineers for developing, designing and operating the processes for producing of many high-value biotechnology products. These products include biopharmaceuticals, vaccines, and diagnostic proteins used in human and animal healthcare; enzymes for use in detergents, foods and healthcare; fine chemicals such as flavours and colorants; and industrial chemicals, bio-plastics and bio-fuels such as ethanol.
- Biotechnology engineers are employed in the environmental sector for bio-treatment and bioremediation of various kinds of wastes.
- In addition, many biotechnology engineers work in the more traditional bio-industry such as meat and food processing, pulp and paper, leather processing and winemaking.
- Biotechnology is ranked second as a growth sector after multimedia industry with a tremendous employment potential. Major contributions in areas such as environment, health, agriculture and pharmaceuticals are envisaged.
- Most biotechnologists are employed in research and development, departments of institutions and industries involved in biotechnological work. From the production of antimicrobial agents, reagents and consumables to the marketing of instruments used in biotechnological applications and research the opportunities for biotechnologists are on the increase. Biotechnologists work extensively in the production departments of these industries. Generally, Biotechnology students from engineering stream are given preference for production jobs.
- Biotechnologists work in industries producing food, chemicals, bio-processed products etc. They are involved in research in genetics, biochemistry and biochemical engineering and all areas where these processes are implied. Industrial R&D covers areas such as chemical processes, increase in productivity, waste and pollution management. Some industries employ biotechnologists in their marketing department to develop business in the sector where their product would be most required. They also help to identify biotechnological development opportunities for the industry in India and abroad.
- Pharmaceutical industries are offering lucrative pay packets to biotechnologists, microbiologists, molecular biologists and biochemists. Government labs such as CDRI in Lucknow are constantly employing research workers/scientists. The private sector placements are in both technical and managerial positions. The management levels match those of a business firm and the task relates to industrial, production and marketing management.
- In academics, biotechnologists (Doctorates) are working in departments of marine biotech, biomedicine, earth sciences biomedical engineering, agricultural and environmental biotechnology etc.
- Cellular and Molecular Biology Centres
- National Botanical Institute
- Colleges & Universities
- National Chemical Laboratory
- Tata Energy Research Institute
- Central Aromatic
- Plants Institute
- Indian Institute of Science
- National Institute of Immunology-New Delhi
- Agricultural Research Institute
- National Environment Research Institute-Nagpur
- Laboratory Assistant
- Professor/Associate Professor
- Biotechnology Expert
- Instructor/Assistant Instructor
- Business Development Executive
- Sales Manager
- Marketing Executive Trainee
- M.Tech. (Biotechnology)
- Ph.D. (Biotechnology)